Mesothelioma and how to treat it you need to know

Mesothelioma and how to treat it you need to know

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Mesothelioma is a dangerous disease that attacks the mesothelium. That is a thin layer that covers most of the internal organs. There are several organs that are protected by this mesohtelioma layer, including the lungs (pleura), stomach (abdomen), heart (pericardial), and testicles (tunica vaginalis). This type of cancer includes aggressive cancer and many cases of mesothelioma sufferers who die and are not successfully treated until cured.

Mesothelioma most often affects the mesothelium of the lungs (called pleural mesothelioma) and the chambers of the chest. Another less common type of mesothelioma is peritoneal mesothelioma, which involves the mesothelium of the abdominal cavity. Mesothelioma is different from benign mesothelioma in the chest which is also called a solitary fibrous tumor.

Mesothelioma Triggers

Cancer that affects the organs of the body begins with cell mutations that cause their growth to become uncontrolled until after that it multiplies. Experts still can not justify the trigger of this cell mutation. However, the interaction between lifestyle, hereditary conditions and areas that are suspected to be cancer factors.

Although the exact cause of mesothelioma is not known, the main risk aspect of mesothelioma is asbestos. This disease was categorized as not often encountered before the commercial use of asbestos began. Asbestos is a mineral that is used as a material for making brakes, floors, roofs, and insulation. Asbestos dust that is inhaled or inhaled will accumulate in the lungs and stomach for a long time, usually around 20-50 years, before eventually growing into mesothelioma. Mesothelioma is also more common in men than women, and in people over 65 years of age.

Mesothelioma Symptoms

Mesothelioma indications can vary based on the position of the cancer cells are located. Pericardial mesothelioma may cause chest pain and difficulty breathing, while tunica vaginalis mesothelioma will show signs of swelling of the testicles.

Pleural mesothelioma generally has the following symptoms:

  1. Cough with unbearable pain.
  2. Shortness of breath due to accumulation of fluid in the chest
  3. An unusual lump in the tissue under the skin of the chest.
  4. Weight loss for no apparent reason.
  5. Often hit by excessive fatigue.
  6. Fever accompanied by sweating, especially at night.
  7. Swollen fingertips.
  8. Chest pain felt under the ribs.

peritoneum has the following symptoms:

  1. Pain in the stomach area.
  2. There is a lump in the abdominal tissue.
  3. Swelling in the abdominal area.
  4. Unexplained weight loss.
  5. Diarrhea or constipation.

Mesothelioma examination diagnosis

The examination will begin with anamnesis about the symptoms suffered, personal and family medical history. Anamnesis is a conversation carried out by a doctor to a patient directly as a way to get data about the medical conditions and problems that the patient is currently experiencing. In addition to the history, the doctor will perform a physical examination to check for lumps or other abnormal signs.

Next, the doctor may instruct you to do additional examinations as part of an effort to diagnose the disease. Common examinations performed to diagnose mesothelioma include an X-ray to check for abnormalities in the chest and a CT scan to examine the chest and abdomen area.

After the diagnosis is obtained, the doctor will carry out further tests on the patient’s body, such as MRI imaging tests and PET mapping, to determine the stage of the disease and treatment steps that can be taken. There are four stages (stages) in pleural mesothelioma, while the stage of spread in other rarer types of mesothelioma is still not known with certainty.

Alternative medicine

Alternative medicine has not been clinically proven to treat mesothelioma, but some of these treatments show good development in mesothelioma sufferers.

Multimodality therapy

This therapy is a combination of three or more treatment steps, such as surgery, postoperative chemotherapy (adjuvant chemotherapy), and radiation therapy to increase the success rate of treatment.

Mesothelioma prevention

The main preventive measure of mesothelioma is to reduce contact with anything related to asbestos, the main cause of the development of mesothelioma.